دانش خود را به دیگران آموزش ده و دانش دیگران را بیاموز؛ چرا كه علم خود را انفاق كرده ای و آنچه را نمیدانی آموخته ای. «امام حسن(ع
- Don’t be afraid to make mistakes. Be confident. People can only correct your mistakes when they hear you make them.
yourself in English. Put yourself in an all English speaking
environment where you can learn passively. The best way to learn is
- Practise every day. Make yourself a study
plan. Decide how much time a week you are going to spend studying and
stick to it. Establish a routine.
- Tell your family and friends about your study plan. Get them to push you to study and also don’t let them interrupt you.
- Practise the 4 core skills: reading, writing, speaking and listening. They all need to be worked on for you to improve.
- Keep a notebook of new words you learn. Use them in sentences and try to say them at least 3 times when you speak.
- Visit EC’s free learn English website at least once a day and complete a lesson.
of lists is one of the most common ways of learning vocabulary for a
test. It's only a good exercise for short term studying because you
often do not retain the information that you have learned for a test.
- Use your body clock. If you’re not a morning person, study in the afternoon.
- You will find words easier to remember if you try to remember an example sentence using that word rather the word on its own.
- Plan to take a test. You’ll find that you work harder when you need to study for something.
that, it’s better not to study just to take a test. Think of the bigger
picture. What can you do when you have a good command of English? How
will the quality of your life improve?
- Give yourself a long term goal. Focus on working towards it.
- Give yourself short term goals too and reward yourself when you achieve each one.
an atmosphere in which you want to learn, not because you have to.
You’ll learn more when you’re learning because you want to.
- Know what works best for you. Think about what methods have been successful for you in the past and stick with them.
out how you learn. It can be by memorising, reading, speaking,
summarising or other methods. Find out how you study best. It can be in a
quiet place by yourself or with a group.
- Get help! If you don’t understand something you’ve got to ask someone. Ask your teacher, classmates or friends for help.
- Review! Review! Review! Make sure that you take the time to review things you have studied in the past.
not a good idea to study on your own for more than 30 minutes at a
time. Take regular breaks, get some fresh air and stretch your legs.
- Don’t be in such a hurry to move up a level. Concentrate on the level you are at now.
DVDs rather than TV. It’s better to use something that you can watch
over again to catch information you might have missed the first time.
TV only gives you the chance to hear something correctly first time.
This is better for high level students. It can be great practice for
speaking to native English speakers so you don’t have to ask them to
- Read graded readers. These books are
especially written for your level. Read a whole novel. You can do it!
You’ll feel great afterwards.
- Children’s books have easier words and are a good alternative to graded readers.
- Newspapers are a good place to find passive constructs. Read through an article and see if you can find the passive sentences.
- Read for the general meaning first. Don’t worry about understanding every word, then go back and look up new words.
a word you don’t understand in a sentence, look at the other words
around it. They will give you a hint. Try to guess the meaning from the
- Learn root words. They’ll help you guess the meaning of words. For example: scrib = write, min = small
- When you learn a new word, think of all its other forms: Beautiful (adjective), beauty (noun), beautifully (adverb).
prefixes (dis-, un-, re-) and suffixes (-ly, -ment, -ful), these will
help you to figure out the meaning of words and build your vocabulary.
unlike Japanese or French, uses word stress. For new words, count the
syllables and find where the stress is. Only one stress per word and
always on a vowel. Two syllable verbs have a stress on the second
syllable (beGIN). 2 syllable nouns (TEAcher) and adjectives (HAPpy)
stress the first.
- Use English whenever you can. It’s as simple as that!
translate into English from your own language. Think in English to
improve your fluency. Talk to yourself…but not on the bus otherwise
people will think you have gone crazy!
- You can’t learn English from a book. Like driving a car, you can only learn through doing it.
- The most natural way to learn grammar is through talking.
- Keep an English diary or journal. Start by writing a few sentences a day and then get into the habit of writing more.
- Why not start an online blog and share your writings with the world?
become a better writer brainstorm as many ideas and thoughts onto paper
without worrying about grammar or spelling. Then think about the
structure. After that, write your piece using good grammar and spelling.
Finally, read it through or give it to someone else to check for
- Keep an eye on your punctuation as it can totally
change what you’re trying to say. Check out the difference in meaning
between these two sentences: “A woman without her man is nothing” and “A
woman: without her, man is nothing”.
- Sing your heart out! Show
the world your beautiful voice! Learn English songs and sing along with
them to improve fluency and intonation… anyone for Karaoke?
- Get a
penfriend or use chat-rooms, forums and community sites. If you can’t
speak to someone in English, this is the next best thing.
- Shadow English CDs. Listen to a few sentences then repeat what you heard. Focus on the rhythm and intonation.
- Have English radio on in your house. Even if you are not actively listening to it, you will still be training your ears.
- Mirror CDs. Read out loud along with a CD. Again, this is great for intonation, pronunciation and rhythm.
- Dictation. Listen to a CD or friend and write down what you hear.
likes to hear their own voice, but be brave and try it! Record your
voice and listen to your pronunciation and intonation. It will help you
to identify your problem areas.
- Ask your helpful teacher if you
can record his lesson. This is a great way to review. You can also
listen to your teachers speaking speed and intonation.
- Use an English/English dictionary as it will help you to keep thinking in English and not translating.
- If an English/English dictionary seems scary, there are learner’s dictionaries for English students of your level.
become too reliant on your dictionary. Your dictionary should be an
aid, not your main teacher. Try to guess the meaning of words rather
than going straight for your dictionary.
- Don’t give up! Stay
positive! Sometimes you will feel that you aren’t learning quickly
enough. Everyone feels like this, don’t worry about it. You’ll get there
in the end.
- Enjoy it! We learn more when we are having fun!
- If you get nervous when speaking, take two deep breaths before you say something. You’ll speak better when you feel relaxed.
yourself motivated by looking back at the textbooks and CDs you used in
the past. You’ll be surprised at how easy they seem to you now!
Congratulations, your level is improving!
- You are never too young or too old to start learning English. Don’t make excuses not to learn. What are you waiting for?
can stop you from being successful. To stop procrastinating, it's
important you understand if your procrastinating is to avoid studying,
or if it is your bad habit.
- If you haven’t gotten the results
you wanted yet, it’s not because you’re bad at languages, it’s because
you haven’t found your own special way of learning yet.
resources which match your level. Don’t use texts/listening exercises
which are too difficult or too easy. Use materials which challenge you
but don’t frustrate you.
- Don’t worry about making your accent
perfect. It’s an important part of your cultural identity to keep your
accent. Native English speakers enjoy hearing English spoken with an
- There are many types of English: British, American,
South African and so on. None of these are wrong or not as important.
English is English.
- Instead, be aware of the differences in
American and British English and use your words accordingly. For
example: Elevator (US) / Lift (British).
- Carry cue cards with
you. These are small cards which you can write new words on. You can
pull them out and look at them whenever you a free minute.
- Use post-it notes and stick them around your home. You can use them to label things. Stick one on your pet dog!
can’t ignore phrasal verbs (two words verbs), there are hundreds of
them in English and they’re widely used. The more you focus on their
meaning, the more you’ll be able to guess the meaning of new ones.
You’ll start to recognise their patterns.
- Use your intuition. Go
with your gut feeling, you’ll be surprised how often your first guess
is the right guess. Like we said before, be confident.
your thoughts. Take a second to think about what you’re going to say.
You know the grammar, but maybe you don’t use it correctly when you
- Meet new people. Make the effort to mix with English
speakers in your town. You could join a club or go to bars where
foreigners hang out. Buy one a drink, they love that!
- Be the
person to start conversations in English. Try to keep the conversations
moving and use listening words (‘really?’ / ‘go on…’/ ‘what happened
then?’) Don’t wait for others to speak to you. Get in there!
Discuss topics in a group. Each person should choose a viewpoint (even
if you don’t agree with it) and debate it within the group. Make sure
you get your point across. Learn to listen actively. Active listening
will help in the classroom and it will help you get more out of, and
contribute more to, group study sessions. Focus on the person who is
talking. Don’t fidget or become distracted by other people or events.
Concentrate on the speaker with your ears and eyes. Follow the movements
the speaker makes in an effort to hear more. It may help to repeat what
you hear others say in an effort to understand their thoughts.
not enough to only learn English words. You can teach a parrot English
words but that doesn’t mean it can speak English! You still need to have
an understanding of grammar.
- Verb tenses are used by English
speakers to talk about the timing of actions. You might not have the
same expressions in your own language. It’s important that you know
these tenses and when to use them.
- English has many irregular verbs. You should drill yourself on them.
it up! If you take a break from speaking English, you will find that
your level decreases and all your hard work has been wasted.
be put off by a bad test score. Sometimes students have the ability to
pass an English test, but can’t communicate well with English speakers.
If you can speak freely in English, you should be proud of yourself.
- Remember that as long as you have tried your hardest, you have succeeded!
- Learn English with a friend. You’ll have someone you can practise with and you can motivate each other to study.
the way we write English is not the same as how it’s pronounced. For
example ‘Ough’ has over 6 pronunciations. Familiarise yourself the
Phonetic Alphabet. It will help you correctly pronounce words in the
- Get used to the ‘schwa’ sound [ə] - an unstressed
and toneless neutral vowel sound. ‘Schwa’ is the most common vowel sound
in English. For example, the 'a' in about and the 'u' in supply.
in mind that it takes longer to improve when our level is high. Usually
the fastest progress is made when we are beginners. Don’t think that
you’re suddenly not learning anymore, it’s just a less noticeable
- Make sure that your English matches the occasion. It’s
OK to use slang with friends but not in a business meeting. Decide in
which situation it’s appropriate to use the words and phrases you have
- Textbook English is often different from the way we casually speak. To learn casual ‘slang’ watch movies.
- Idioms can be difficult to memorise, but they are great fun to use and they’ll make your English more colourful.
talking we usually link words together so that two words can sound like
one. Simply put, we link words ending with a consonant sound to words
beginning with a vowel sound (consonant > vowel). We link words
ending with a vowel sound to words beginning with a vowel sound (vowel
> vowel). Practise these to improve your listening and pronunciation.
- Make use of the internet. It’s full of resources to help you learn: BBC Learning English ; learnenglish.ecenglish.com
about your strong and weak points. Write down which areas you want to
improve on and work on improving them. Of course, don’t ignore your
strong points. Congratulate yourself on how well you’ve done!
your mistakes. You probably make the same grammar mistakes over and
over again. Use English tests results as a study tool. Go over your
mistakes and choose one or two that you want to focus on. Use your
favourite grammar book to check rules.
- Use the correct article
(a/an, the). Be aware that there is more to this rule than a/an= non
specific, the=specific. For example: A university (not an university
because it begins with a consonant sound). An hour (not a hour because
the ‘h’ is often silent).
- For fluency, try image training.
Before you go to that restaurant think through what the waiter is likely
to say to you. Think of what phrases you are going to use.
communication comes through body language and gesture. These can be
different between cultures and countries. For example, the two-fingered
"V" for victory symbol is fine palms-out. If you make it with you palm
facing toward you, you'll offend a British person. It means…well, you
ask a British person and find out for yourself!
- The easiest one - Sleep! You’ll learn more after a good night’s sleep. You’ll be able to concentrate more.
- Take an English course in an English speaking country.
you studying abroad, mix with people from other countries not only
people from your own country. It’s not a good idea for you to live in a
shared house with people from your own country. Enjoy a more cultural
experience by spending time with other nationalities.
- Have you thought about getting a job or doing an internship abroad?
- Get yourself a qualified teacher. Who wants to learn wrong things?
can learn all of the English language. No need to worry about trying. A
useful shortcut to learning is that in English we have lots of words
that have the same pronunciation, but a different spelling and meaning.
For example, ‘come here’ has the same pronunciation as, ‘I can hear the
birds’. You might find it easier to build vocabulary by knowing the
- Once you have a basic level of English
explore the different ways you can say the same thing. This makes your
English more interesting to the listener and it shouldn’t be too
difficult for you because you already know the basics. For example, how
many ways can we say, ‘Goodbye' in English?
- When you are on your
English course, be prepared for your class. Do your homework as soon as
possible and hand it in on time. Review your notes and your last lesson
a few minutes before the class. Doing this will refresh your memory and
you'll be warmed up for lesson.
- Don't get distracted in class.
Focus on the lesson, don't stare out of the window. Don't be late,
arrive a few minutes before the start of the lesson. Don't sit next to
people who won't speak to you in English. Switch off your phone. Be
organised, remember to take your textbook, notebook and pen.
- Find a comfortable, peaceful place for quiet study. You need somewhere where you can focus 100%.
- Last but not least, learn English with EC!
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