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تاریخ:سه شنبه 26 فروردین 1393-05:28 ب.ظ

LESSON THREE
TRACK AND FIELD (2)
New Words:
the triple jump:
a sporting event in which people try to jump as
far forward as possible with three jumps. ( Also
called hop, step and jump)
competitor :
a person who takes part in a competition.
t
hrowing circle:
a circular area in which a competitor must
remain during his attempt.
drag:
move or make something move , partially touching the
ground.
(Don’t drag your feet on the ground.)
land:
come on to the ground.
(The hammer landed outside the sector.)
Dialogue : What do you know about field events ?
Reza : Hi ,Ali .
Ali : Hi, Reza . How are you today ?
Reza : Fine, thanks . What about your track
and field class ?
Ali : I find it interesting and useful .
Reza: What are the field events ?
Ali : Throwing and jumping events ?
Reza: What about some interesting rules ?
Ali : Very many . For example , the foot must
not drag during the stop phase of triple jump.
Reza: What about the hammer throw ?
Ali : During the throw the competitor must not
leave the circle.
throwing
a sector
circle
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ÅÅ
Reza:Yes, and the throw must land within the
throwing sector.
Ali : Exactly.
Reza: Ok. Let’s go to the long jump and triple
jump landing area.
Ali : Ok. Let’s go?
New Words:
boost:
increase the value or amount of something.
enthusiasm :
interest or admiration for something.
lead up activities:
preparatory activities; activities at the beginning
of a task.
run up:
a run made to gain speed for making a jump.
introductory activities :
lead up activities.
sprint starts:
a position normally used by competitors at the
start of sprint races.
rate of improvement:
a measurement of the speed at which
something becomes better.
(His rate of improvement surprised his
coaches.)
Field Events (A)
The field events are jumping and throwing .
The high jump, long jump ,and the triple jump are
closely related in that their introductory and lead-
up activities are very similar .
Long jump should be one of the first jumping
events introduced in the program . It can be taught
in combination with triple jump . Instructors can
teach these two jumping events immediately after
sprinting, sprint starts ,and relays .Many instructors
will teach the long jump after the triple jump, for
high jump
23
several reasons. Rates of improvement in triple
jump are much higher than for long jump, and this
boosts enthusiasm . Also, most youngsters consider
the triple jump a lot more fun than the long jump .
Finally, the third jump in triple jump is an
elementary long jump ,and methods of teaching
the run-ups are similar for both events.
long jump
UNDERSTANDING
PART A:
Which of the following sentences are true and which are
false ? Write “T” or “ F ” before the sentences.
_______ 1. Jumping is a field event ,but throwing isn’t.
_______ 2. The writer advises the instructor to teach long jump and
triple jump after some running events.
_______ 3. The third jump in triple jump is an elementary jump.
PART B:
Choose the best answer!
1.“ The introductory and lead-up activities are similar.”
The word “similar” is the same as ____________.
a. likely b. different
c. alike
d. same
2. “ It can be taught in combination with triple jump.The phras
e
“in combination with”means______________.
a. separated from b. together with
c. similar to
d. independent from
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3. “ Instructors can teach these two jumping events immediately”
.
A synonym for “ immediately” is________.
a. right away b. right now
c. suddenly d. hardly
4. “ Rates of improvement in triple jumps are higher .” The word
“ improve” means ______________.
a. make worse b. make better
c. change
d. prove
5.“... and this boosts enthusiasm”. The antonym of “boosts”
is______.
a. forces b. decreases
c. increases d. reduces
PART C:
Write complete answers to the following questions !
1. Mention two field events and two track events.
2. What boots enthusiasm ?
3. What does “ it ” in line 6 refer to ?
New Words:
tremendous:
very great.
shot put:
a field event in which a shot is thrown for distance.
coordination:
the act of making things work together.
(A basketball player needs the coordination of eyes
and hands.)
spectacular:
impressive; wonderful to see.
(Our team scored a spectacular goal.)
resemble:
look like; be similar to another person or thing.
(The child resembled her mother.)
exceed:
be greater than a particular number or amount.
( Prices will not exceed 10 dollars.)


نوع مطلب : خصوصی 

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